特朗普是美国的潜意识 – Trump: America’s subconscious

美国总统大选如火如荼,世界各国也是拭目以待,互联网时代信息通畅,所以美国总统大选也是现实版的《纸牌屋》,《琅琊榜》。我作为心理咨询师,也想心理分析看看。

特朗普作为美国共和党的总统候选人,口无遮拦,观念极端,不确定性,倡导民族主义、种族主义、性别歧视,与当年的希特勒差不多。其鼓动性,号召力极强,而且得到不少选民的青睐。面对那些权贵政治家,虚伪政治家,正确政治家,他的确有新鲜感,他对选民厌恶的虚伪政治是一个挑战。同时,如果他的当选,也给全美国,全世界带来忧虑。

特朗普是一个地产大亨,我想过去的他不是这样的,他做生意如果这样,那一定失败。他的表现就是他的选举策略,他的选举团队心理清楚,美国选民需要他这样的人。他的观念就是许多美国选民的心声。只是特朗普大声说出来了!

弗洛伊德对心理学的影响是深远的,当然,弗洛伊德的精神分析对艺术心理学,社会心理学的影响还更大。他的自我,本我,超我理论,是伟大的理论。对人的分析十分到位,对集体,民族,国家是分析也是合适的。那我们就通过特朗普,来对美国进行精神分析。

美国的超我。超我是道德为原则,有一定的虚伪性。美国总是标榜自己的人权,民主,自由的精神,其实是十分虚伪的。美国的人权记录是很糟糕的,恰恰以人权卫士自居。美国的民主,在全世界推广,实际上是实现美国自私自利的手段而已,美国只想做领导,不让国家和民族平等。美国的自由,从斯诺登揭露美国政府监控全世界,就知道什么是自由,就是恐怖的自由。奥巴马的虚伪,使美国人感到厌恶。

美国的本我。本我是以快乐为原则,就是人的潜意识。特朗普已经把美国的本我表现得淋漓尽致,民族主义、种族主义、性别歧视,战争威胁。这些才是真正的美国,动物的美国,没有文明,缺少教养的美国。而且这样的美国潜意识具有巨大能量,破坏力。只是在美国超我价值观的包装下,不时暴露出来。所以,特朗普的表达,使美国人感到真实,爽死。

美国的自我。现实的美国就是本我与超我相互作用的过程,形成一个矛盾的,冲突的,焦虑的,虚伪的现实美国。一方面为了经济利益,与中国联系,另一方面为了所谓价值观,与中国对抗。一方面给美国人民充分的自由民主,另一方面却不给全世界各个国家和人民以民主自由。一方面高喊打击恐怖主义,另一方面又跟恐怖分子勾勾搭搭实行双重标准。现实自我的美国,是以现实利益为原则,利益交换,唯利是图,没有诚信,更无道义。

这就是美国!

Through the real-time of the Internet, the American presidential election has, like wildfire, spread, leaving the world awaiting the outcome with baited breath. As a result, it has became a real-life “House of Cards” or “Nirvana in Fire”. Being a psychiatrist, I would like to undertake a psychoanalysis of the event.

As the Republican party candidate, Trump is known for shooting his mouth off. He is known for his extreme views; for being unstable; advocating nationalism, racism, sexism, and being a kind of contemporary Hitler. He has a strong ability to arouse and agitate support and has won the favour of many voters. In confrontation with the established political class, whether they themselves be hypocrites or more “proper” types, he truly has something fresh about him. He constitutes a challenge to the false politics voters have come to hate. At the same time, if elected, he will bring anxiety to the US, and to the world.

He is a real estate mogul, though I think he was not so in the past, because if he did his business in this way, he would have failed. His real performance is in electoral tactics, the mental clarity of his election team. The American voters need someone like this. His ideas echo those of many American voters. Indeed, it were simply as though his was the voice giving shape to them!

Freud’s influence on psychology was great, and of course,his psychoanalysis also had a great influence on artistic and social psychology. His theories of the id, ego and superego are important, his analyses of people – as groups, races, and states – very precise. What then of a psychoanalysis of the US through Trump?

America’s superego: the superego takes virtue as its principle, and has a degree of hypocrisy. America always flaunts its human rights, democracy, and belief in freedom, but this in fact is all an artifice. America’s human record is far from pretty, yet, ironically enough, identifies itself as a guardian of human rights. Its democracy is advertised across the globe, but is in fact simply a way for America to realise its own self-profit. America only wants to be a leader, not to foster equality between countries and races. America’s freedom, we can see from Snowden’s having revealed how the US government monitors the whole world, is just a freedom to intimidate. Obama’s hypocrisy leaves the American people disgusted.

America’s id: the id takes happiness as its principle, and is the human unconscious. Trump has already shown America’s id in great detail: nationalism, racism, sexism, warmongering. This is the true face of America, its primal side, the uncultured, uneducated face of America. And the unconscious of this America has a great energy for destruction. Only under the American superego’s system of values does it reveal itself from time to time. For this reason, Trump’s statements are felt by the American people as overwhelmingly real and honest.

America’s ego: the actual America is the process of interaction between ego and superego, a contradictory, conflicted, anxious and hypocritical country. One side seeks the economic benefit of a relationship with China, while another, because of America’s so-called “values”, is antagonistic to China. One side provides the American people with ample liberty and democracy, while another simply will not give democratic freedoms to the world’s countries and peoples. One side loudly calls to attack terrorism, while using a double-standard to determine who the “terrorists” are. The real ego of America take pragmatic benefits as its principle, the exchange of interests and self-profit, with no integrity or justice.

This, then, is America!

这就是美国!

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adminreply
August 3, 2018 at 5:55 am

Original translation by Declan Fry

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